Hypnosis and Golf – Chipping Performance, Confidence
Effects of hypnosis on flow states and golf performance.
Results: Analysis indicated the 3 participants increased their mean golf-chipping performance from the trials in Baseline 1 to intervention, with 2 returning to Baseline 1 performance after the intervention phase at Baseline 2. Participants indicated the intervention seemed useful in keeping them confident, relaxed, and in control. These results support the hypothesis that a hypnotic intervention can improve golf-chipping performance and increase feelings and cognitions associated with flow.
Notes: This study examined the effects of a hypnotic intervention on flow states and golf-chipping performance of 3 participants. The study utilized an ideographic ABA single-subject design combined with a procedure to assess the participants' internal experience. The intervention involved relaxation, imagery, hypnotic induction, hypnotic regression, and trigger control procedures over 5 wk. and 7 trials.
Percept Mot Skills. 2000 Dec;91(3 Pt 2):1057-75
J. Pates, I. Maynard, Centre for Sport and Exercise Science, Sheffield Hallam University, South Yorkshire